The findings reported here were collected in surveys underwritten by the University of Michigan. The survey questions were designed by Pew Research Center in consultation with Dr. Nicole Ellison and Dr. Cliff Lampe from the University of Michigan’s School of Information.
This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals.
Kenneth Olmstead, Research Associate, Pew Research Center
Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Pew Research Center
Cliff Lampe, Associate Professor, University of Michigan School of Information
Nicole B. Ellison, Professor, University of Michigan School of Information
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet, Science and Technology Research
Mary Madden, Senior Researcher, Pew Research Center
Amanda Lenhart, Associate Director, Pew Research Center
Editorial and graphic design
Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Shannon Greenwood, Copy editor
Communications and web publishing
Shannon Greenwood, Assistant Digital Producer
Dana Page, Communications Manager