October 29, 2015

Technology Device Ownership: 2015

The Demographics of Device Ownership

From getting news to playing games to reading a book, Americans now have a plethora of devices to choose from in order to meet their technology-based needs. For each type of device, the demographic makeup of owners can vary widely, so this section looks at these differences.

Smartphone ownership continues to grow

The rise of the smartphone has had a major social, political and cultural impact. It has changed the way people reach their friends, obtain data and media, and share their lives. Fully 68% of adults now have a smartphone, nearly double the share that Pew Research Center measured in its first survey on smartphone ownership in mid-2011. At that point, 35% of adults had smartphones.

Smartphone Owners More Likely to be Younger, More Affluent and Highly Educated

More than half of most demographic groups have a smartphone. Only those ages 65 and older (30% of whom own smartphones) and those who do not have a high school education (41% own smartphones) fall below majority ownership. On the other hand, those ages 18 to 49 and those in higher-income households are coming closer and closer to saturation adoption. There are no differences in smartphone ownership among different racial and ethnic groups.

Cellphones near saturation levels for some groups

Fully 92% of American adults own a cellphone, which is similar to the 90% of the public who reported owning these mobile devices in 2014. Although cellphones are common today, the share of adults who own one has risen substantially since 2004, when 65% of Americans owned a mobile phone.

Cellphone Ownership Is Common Across All Major Demographic Groups

Cellphone ownership is common across all major demographic groups, though older adults tend to lag behind their younger counterparts. Some 78% of adults ages 65 and older own a cellphone, compared with 98% of 18- to 29-year-olds. Lower-income adults are less likely to own a cellphone. Rural residents are slightly less likely than urban and suburban residents to have cellphones. Still, nearly nine-in-ten rural residents (87%) have them.

Close to half of all Americans own a tablet

Tablet Ownership, 2010-15The share of Americans who own a tablet computer has risen tenfold since 2010. Today, 45% of U.S. adults own a tablet – a substantial increase since Pew Research Center began measuring tablet ownership in 2010. Then, only 4% of adults in the U.S. were tablet owners. Ownership, however, is statistically the same as it was in 2014.

Tablet ownership varies across a number of demographic groups. Younger adults and those from more affluent backgrounds are more likely to own the devices, and differences tied to educational attainment are particularly pronounced: 62% of college graduates have a tablet, compared with 35% of those with a high school diploma and 19% who have not completed high school. Additionally, whites are more likely than Hispanics to own a tablet computer, while tablet ownership among blacks is not statistically different from that of whites or Hispanics.

Tablet Owners More Likely to be Younger, More Affluent and Highly Educated

Popularity of e-readers declines

Some 19% of adults report owning an e-reader – a handheld device such as a Kindle or Nook primarily used for reading e-books. This is a sizable drop from early 2014, when 32% of adults owned this type of device. Ownership of e-readers is somewhat more common among women (22%) than men (15%). Whites are more likely than blacks and Hispanics to own an e-reading device, while ownership also tends to be higher among those who are more affluent and those with more education.

E-reader Ownership Differs by Gender, Income, Education, Race and Ethnicity

Desktop or laptop computers are where they were 10 years ago

Ownership for traditional computers has remained stable. Some 73% of U.S. adults own a desktop or laptop computer. This figure has fluctuated a bit in Pew Research findings over the years, but the 2015 finding is roughly similar to computer ownership levels of a decade ago – though slightly down from a high in 2012, when 80% of Americans said they had a desktop or laptop.

Computer Ownership Varies Greatly by Race and Ethnicity, Household Income and Educational Attainment

College graduates and those from higher-income households are particularly likely to own a computer. There are also differences based on age as well as race and ethnicity, with younger groups more likely than their older counterparts to report owning a laptop or desktop, and whites (79%) more likely than Hispanics (63%) and blacks (45%) to own one.

Game console ownership is where it was in 2010

Game console ownership has remained consistent since Pew Research last polled about the device in 2010. Today, 40% of adults report having a game console such as an Xbox or PlayStation. Those whose households earn less than $30,000 annually are less likely to own a game console – a third have one, compared with 54% of adults from households earning $75,000 or more a year.

Four-in-Ten American Adults Have a Game Console; Ownership Varies by Age, Household Income and Education

There are also differences by educational attainment – 54% of adults who have some college experience own a game console, a higher share than college graduates (37%), high school graduates (35%) and those who have less than a high school diploma (21%). Younger adults are also more likely than their elders to own a game console, while there are no differences based on gender or race and ethnicity.

For portable gaming devices, it’s still 2009

Some 14% of U.S. adults have a portable gaming device such as a PSP or Sega Genesis game player, similar to the share who owned one in 2009. Among all groups, adults 65 and older are the least likely (3%) to own this type of device. And while there are no ownership differences based on educational attainment, those from households earning $75,000 annually are more likely to own a portable gaming device. An equal percentage of men and women own a portable gaming device, and ownership varies little by race and ethnicity.

Portable Gaming Device Ownership Tied to Age and Household Income

MP3 players still have an audience

While MP3 player ownership grew rapidly in the mid-2000s, the percentage of Americans who own one has not changed significantly in recent years.

The percentage of Americans who own an iPod or another brand of MP3 player has changed little since 2013 (the last time Pew Research polled on ownership of this device). Today, 40% of U.S. adults have an iPod or other MP3 player; in 2013, that share was 43%. While there are no differences based on gender or race and ethnicity, ownership does vary by age, education and household income. Older Americans are especially unlikely to own an MP3 player – only 13% have this type of device.

Four-in-Ten Adults Own an MP3 Player