March 13, 2013

Teens and Technology 2013

Main Findings

Fully 95% of teens are online, a percentage that has been consistent since 2006. Yet, the nature of teens’ internet use has transformed dramatically during that time — from stationary connections tied to desktops in the home to always-on connections that move with them throughout the day. In many ways, teens represent the leading edge of mobile connectivity, and the patterns of their technology use often signal future changes in the adult population. Teens are just as likely to have a cell phone as they are to have a desktop or laptop computer. And increasingly these phones are affording teens always-on, mobile access to the internet — in some cases, serving as their primary point of access.  Smartphone ownership among teens has grown substantially since 2011; 37% of American youth ages 12-17 now have a smartphone, up from 23% in 2011. Tablets are also taking hold, as close to one in four teens say they have one of these devices. Taken together, teens have more ways than ever to stay connected throughout the day — and night.

Internet use over time by teens and adults

Three in four teens access the internet on cell phones, tablets, and other mobile devices.

About three in four (74%) teens ages 12-17 are “mobile internet users” who say they access the internet on cell phones, tablets, and other mobile devices at least occasionally.1 By comparison, 55% of adults are mobile internet users.2 However, this gap is driven primarily by adults ages 65 and older, many of whom are not using the internet in any capacity, let alone on a mobile device. Adults under the age of 50, on the other hand, are just as likely as teens to be mobile internet users; 74% of adults ages 18-49 access the internet on a cell phone, tablet, or other mobile device.

Teen internet access demographics

93% of teens have a computer or have access to one.

Eight out of ten teens have a desktop or laptop computer. Among the 20% of teens who do not have their own computer, two-thirds (67%) have access to one they can use at home.  Taken together, this means that 93% of teens have a computer or access to one.

White teens are more likely than black teens to have a desktop or laptop computer.  Some 81% of white teens, compared with 64% of black teens, own a computer. Older teens ages 14-17 are more likely to have a computer than younger teens ages 12-13 (83% vs. 72%). Teens living in suburban areas are more likely to have a computer when compared with urban teens (84% vs. 75%).

71% of teen computer users say the computer they use most often is shared with family members.

Few teens have exclusive access to the computer they use most often.  Some 71% of teens who have a computer or access to one at home say that the computer they use most often is one they share with their parents, siblings, or other members of their family. The vast majority of younger teens share the computer they use most often; 81% of teen computer users ages 12-13 rely on shared computers compared with 66% of older teen computer users ages 14-17. By age 17, only half (51%) of teen computer users say the computer they use most often is one they share with family. Teen computer users living in rural areas are more likely than suburban teens to say the computer they use most often is a shared computer (80% vs. 67%).

23% of teens have a tablet computer.

One in four teens (23%) say they have a tablet computer, a level comparable to the general adult population (25% of American adults have a tablet computer). Much like adults, family education and income levels are strong indicators of teen tablet ownership.  Almost a third of teens whose parents have at least some college education or have household incomes over $75,000 a year own tablets.  Older and younger teens are equally likely to have tablets.

Teen computer and tablet ownership demographics

37% of all teens have smartphones, up from 23% in 2011.

Cell phone ownership among teens has been stable since 2011, but smartphone ownership has grown considerably. Some 78% of teens now have a cell phone, and almost half (47%) of those say they have smartphones. That translates into 37% of all teens who have smartphones, up from just 23% in 2011. By comparison, 45% of all adults have a smartphone.3

Teens with highly educated parents or with parents in the highest income bracket are also more likely to have cell phones. However, parent income levels do not map as neatly with smartphone ownership among teens. For instance, teens living in the lowest-earning households (under $30,000 per year) are just as likely as those living in the highest-earning households ($75,000 or more) to own smartphones (39% vs. 43%). Older teens are more likely than younger teens to have cell phones and those phones are more likely to be smartphones. Rural teens are significantly less likely to have a smartphone than urban or suburban teens.

Teen smartphone and cell phone ownership

One in four teens are “cell-mostly” internet users — far more than the 15% of adults who are cell-mostly. Among teen smartphone owners, half are cell-mostly.

While many teens have a variety of internet-connected devices in their lives, the cell phone has become the primary means by which 25% of those ages 12-17 access the internet. Among teens who are mobile internet users, that number rises to one in three (33%). Among teen smartphone owners, 50% say they use the internet mostly via their cell phone.

While cell-mostly internet use tracks with some of the same demographic trends as smartphone ownership (such as age), gender stands out as an especially important indicator. Although teen girls and boys are equally likely to have smartphones and are equally likely to use some kind of mobile access to the internet, girls are significantly more likely than boys to say they access the internet mostly using their cell phone (29% vs. 20%). Older teen girls represent the leading edge of cell-mostly internet use; 34% of them say that most of their internet use happens on their cell phone. Among older teen girls who are smartphone owners, 55% say they use the internet mostly from their phone.

In overall internet use, youth ages 12-17 who are living in lower-income and lower-education households are still somewhat less likely to use the internet in any capacity — mobile or wired. However, those who fall into lower socioeconomic groups are just as likely and in some cases more likely than those living in higher income and more highly educated households to use their cell phone as a primary point of access.

A 2010 Pew Internet Project report on teens’ mobile phone use found that among teen cell phone owners, 21% of those who did not go online or use email through a conventional computer instead used their phone handset to go online. At the time, teen cell phone owners in the lowest-income households were more likely than those living in higher income households to use their phone to go online.4

These findings are similar to trends we have observed with adults: Those adults with an annual household income of less than $50,000 per year and those who have not graduated college are more likely than those with higher levels of income and education to use their phones for most of their online browsing. When asked for the main reason why they mostly go online from a mobile phone, adult cell-mostly users primarily cited convenience, but one in ten pointed towards a lack of other access options as the main reason why they primarily use their phone to go online.5

Teen smartphone and cell phone ownership demographics

  1. The survey also included separate questions about teen mobile app usage that will be released in a forthcoming report.
  2. According to our September 2012 Tracking Survey: http://www.pewinternet.org/Shared-Content/Data-Sets/2012/September-2012–Health-Tracking-%28prelim%29.aspx
  3. For our latest adult figures on smartphone usage and trends in smartphone adoption over time, see: http://www.pewinternet.org/Static-Pages/Trend-Data-%28Adults%29/Device-Ownership.aspx
  4. See: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones/Chapter-2/Part-4.aspx
  5. For more detail on adults and cell-mostly internet use, see “Cell Internet Use 2012.” Available at: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Cell-Internet-Use-2012.aspx